Fentanyl Addiction Recovery
Fentanyl Addiction Recovery
Fentanyl is a powerful, synthetic opioid prescription narcotic and is classified as a Schedule II controlled drug. It is used as an anesthetic before, during or after surgery and is sometimes combined with other drugs. Fentanyl is similar to morphine but is much more potent. The drug is medically administered by injection, as a lozenge, a lollipop, a small piece of film that is dissolved under the tongue or a transdermal patch. Some of the prescription names for the drug are Actiq, Duragesic and Sublimaze.
Fentanyl that is sold on the street is usually mixed with heroin or cocaine, which dramatically increases its potency and potential risk for overdose. It also increases the user’s tolerance to the drug and that can lead to addiction. Fentanyl has a wide variety of street names and some of them are jackpot, tango, goodfella, TNT, cash, Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, friend and murder 8.
Fentanyl Addiction and Abuse
Fentanyl binds to the opioid receptors in areas of the brain that control pain and emotions. The drug increases the level of dopamine in the reward center of the brain and this influx of dopamine creates feelings of euphoria and tranquility.
Some of the effects of Fentanyl abuse include euphoria, sedation, sweating, shaking, anxiety, confusion, fainting, blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, seizures and slow or irregular heartbeat. The drug also causes severe constipation, retention of urine, and swelling of the extremities, face, lips, mouth and tongue. Because Fentanyl depresses the central nervous system, the user may experience shallow or difficult breathing, unconsciousness or coma. Fentanyl is one of the strongest known opioid drugs and it can create dangerous consequences for anyone who abuses it.
Detox and withdrawal from Fentanyl is different for everyone. Some of the determining factors of how severe the detox process will be are:
- How much of the drug was used
- How often the drug was used
- Were other drugs or alcohol also used
- Are there currently any other physical or mental illnesses
Symptoms of Fentanyl withdrawal include chills, hot flashes, loss of appetite, muscle pain, irritability, rapid breathing and night sweats. Withdrawal symptoms will usually peak during the first two days of the detoxification process.
When a Fentanyl addict wishes to go into detox, they will slowly be weaned off of the drug. The patient will be given nutritional supplementation to strengthen the body and assist them through the withdrawal process. Some inpatient rehab centers offer programs that incorporate methods and exercises that help ease the patient through the detox process. Some physical exercises will help release muscle tightness and pain. Other mental exercises help to keep the patient calm and focused on getting through recovery and looking toward the future. These exercises have proven to be very helpful during the detox period. Medications are also available to minimize or completely eliminate some withdrawal symptoms.
The patient may experience brain fog because all of the drug toxins have not left the body. Newer therapies are available that include exercise, sauna and nutrition that help prompt the body’s natural ability to release the toxins and flush them out of the body. By releasing the toxins from the body, the brain becomes clear and cravings for the drug are reduced or cease to exist.
The patient will also receive psychological counseling to learn the reasons why they took drugs in the first place. They will learn new skills that will help to assist them in their life without the need for drugs. New ways of thinking and behavior will aid the patient in dealing with emotions and triggers that might provoke them into relapse. Aftercare support groups and individual counseling will help the patient long-term in achieving sobriety and preventing relapse.
The patient should be treated holistically in body, mind, spirit and emotions. The spiritual aspect plays an important role in anyone?s life especially during difficult times. Peace, strength and solace are provided by practicing one?s faith and it gives the recovering addict direction and hope for the future.