Recovering from Dilaudid Addiction
Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is a very potent opioid pain medication that is derived from morphine and classified as a Schedule II controlled substance. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain caused by cancer, burns, injuries etc. Dilaudid can be taken orally, injected, snorted or rectally as a suppository.
As an opioid medication, Dilaudid binds to the opioid receptors in the brain creating feelings of euphoria and calm, while also dulling the effects of pain. Dilaudid has an active lifespan of approximately six hours in the body. Eventually, after continuous use, the body will build up a tolerance to the drug and more of it will be needed to achieve the same effects as before. Tolerance to the drug may lead to addiction if the drug is abused. Dependence on the drug is both physical and psychological and both the brain and the body will crave the drug after the effects have worn off. Addiction to Dilaudid can have devastating effects on every aspect of a person’s life.
Dilaudid has been among the top most abused opioid drugs in the U.S. When it is sold as a powder on the street and mistaken for cocaine or heroin, it has often caused overdose because Dilaudid is very potent in small amounts. Overdose has also occurred because the drug is often mixed (stepped on) with other drugs to increase its potency. Some of the numerous street names for Dilaudid are Dillies, Peaches, Shake & Bake, M-80s, Moose, Big D and Super 8.
Dilaudid Addiction Side Effects
Dilaudid affects the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. The drug produces feelings of euphoria, drowsiness, mental clouding, mood swings, nausea and vomiting. It also causes respiratory depression and decreased gastro motility. Dilaudid increases parasympathetic activity, cerebrospinal fluid pressure and biliary pressure. It also causes hyperglycemia where the sugar glucose levels will spike and then crash very low causing sugar cravings. Overdose of Dilaudid will lead to the collapse of the circulatory system, which can be fatal.
Long-term use of Dilaudid or taking the drug in high doses will cause neuro-toxicity, bodily tremors, muscle twitches, delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, heart attack, stroke, seizures, cognitive dysfunction and coma. Dependence on the drug can lead to physical and psychological addiction.
Dilaudid Recovery and Detox
When an addict starts a detox program for Dilaudid addiction, they will slowly be weaned off the drug until it can be stopped. Withdrawal symptoms are usually intense and will peak at about 14 to 21 hours after the commencement of detox. The severity of the withdrawal process is affected by many factors such as:
- If the addict used other drugs or alcohol with Dilaudid
- Has other current physical or mental conditions
- How high the Dilaudid dosage was
- How often Dilaudid was taken
The symptoms of withdrawal from Dilaudid include insomnia, drug cravings, shaking,diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, chills, anorexia, severe backache, intestinal spasms, muscle pain and cramps and an increase in body temperature, blood pressure, respiratory and heart rate. There may also be psychological stresses such as acute depression and anxiety, emotional self-doubt, crying and suicidal/homicidal thoughts or actions. The mental/emotional problems can be medically treated with anti-depressants.
Going through the detox process can be a very difficult and frightening experience for anyone. At an inpatient rehab facility the patient will be treated and monitored by experienced medical professionals in a safe environment. Medical intervention and management is available to the patient on an on-going basis as needs arise.
Psychological counseling and therapy will help the patient acquire self-awareness in identifying the negative thoughts and behavior patterns that led to drug abuse. The patient will learn new skills to be able to properly manage their life in the future without turning to drugs as an escape or crutch.
Recovery is a life-long process of commitment to remain drug-free. Learning how to handle triggers, emotional upsets and negative thoughts are skills that will aid the patient in achieving a happy, balanced life.