Currently, cocaine is one of the most abused drugs in the U.S. and is known as the “Cadillac” of illicit drugs. In 2013, approximately 850,000 people were abusing cocaine and the drug accounts for most emergency room visits involving illicit drugs. Young adults aged 18 to 25 have the highest rate of using cocaine. The drug has many street names, some of which are: coke, C, blow, toot, flake, snow and more.
The use of cocaine will produce feelings of euphoria, increased energy and motor skills, mental alertness and talkativeness. But cocaine abuse has more dangerous effects that can cause permanent damage to the user. Some of these symptoms of cocaine abuse are: increased body temperature and heart rate, constricted blood vessels, abdominal pain, bizarre behavior, violent mood swings, anxiety, panic, paranoia, tremors, vertigo, seizures, stroke, heart attack, coma and death. Cocaine is physically and psychologically dangerous and anyone who abuses this drug should seek immediate help at an accredited drug rehab center.
Cocaine Abuse and Co-occurring Disorders
Cocaine abuse is known as a drug-use disorder that is accompanied by addictive behavior and chemical dependency to alcohol or other drugs. Cocaine has a powerful physical and psychological influence on the brain, and psychological addiction to the drug is quite common.
Mental illness and addiction usually co-exist, and people who abuse cocaine most often have co-occurring mental disorders. Some of these mental disorders that are co-occurring with cocaine abuse are: Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Chronic Depression, Attention Deficit Disorder, Bi-polar Disorder and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Once a person loses control from mood-altering drug use, they lose their ability to stop using the substance. Without the professional help of a drug rehab center their addictive behavior will be difficult to control when cocaine drug cravings begin. Compulsive thoughts and behavior to use the drug will have to be treated along with the cocaine problem. Added to this are mental disorders that exacerbate the drug problem and associated behavior. To effectively treat this array of mental illness and addiction problems, the addict will be physically and mentally assessed and an integrated treatment plan will be devised. This type of treatment is used at drug rehab centers to help the addict overcome both drug and mental disorders.
One familiar mental disorder is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Anyone who has this disorder is caught up in a series of thoughts and rituals that they keep performing over and over again. These thoughts and rituals are called obsessions and the powerful urge to keep repeating the obsessions is called compulsions. A person suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder has difficulty controlling their thoughts and behavior. When this person enters a drug rehab program they will begin psychological counseling and therapy to successfully address and treat this problem.
Cognitive behavior therapy is especially effective in treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. It helps the patient release harmful thought patterns and replace them with new healthy ones. It teaches the patient how to properly react to negative thoughts and emotions, stress, difficult people and circumstances in a healthy way. The patient learns to think and act differently and without anxiety and fear. Another very effective treatment is exposure and response prevention therapy, and it is highly effective in reducing Obsessive Compulsive Disorder behaviors. Exposure and response prevention therapy exposes the patient to situations that can cause anxiety and fear. The patient eventually becomes desensitized to these situations and is better equipped to respond in a positive way. There are also anti-anxiety and antidepressant medications that may be prescribed to treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder along with the other therapies.
Mental illness and addiction can be successfully treated. Anyone suffering from cocaine abuse and a co-occurring mental disorder will find the help they need at a drug rehab center. The treatments and programs that they offer will help you or your loved one begin life anew.