Suboxone is a combination prescription medication used in the treatment of opioid (narcotic) addiction. This drug contains both buprenorphine and Naloxone. Buprenorphine is the primary ingredient in Suboxone. It is a mixed agonist-antagonist opioid drug. This means that while buprenorphine is partially an opioid with a low potential for abuse, the euphoric effects are less than those of a full agonist drug such as morphine. Naloxone also known as Narcan, is a pure opioid antagonist that blocks the effects of medicines and drugs like morphine, and heroin. Suboxone is also the first drug listed on the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) to be made available as a prescription from a doctor’s office for the treatment of opioid addiction.

Suboxone is available in the following various formulations and methods of administration:

  • 2 mg / 05 mg Orange, Rectangle Sublingual Film imprinted with N2
  • 4 mg / 1 mg Orange, Rectangle Sublingual Film imprinted with N4
  • 8 mg / 02 mg Orange, Rectangle Sublingual film imprinted with N8
  • 2 mg / 0.5 mg, Orange, Six-sided Tablet imprinted with N2 LOGO
  • 8 mg / 2 mg Orange, Six-sided Tablet imprinted with N8 LOGO
  • 2 mg / 0.5 mg Orange, Six-sided Tablet imprinted with B 2
  • 8 mg / 2 mg Orange, Six-sided Tablet imprinted with BB
  • 4 mg / 1 mg Orange, Rectangle Sublingual Film with N4
  • 12 mg / 3 mg Orange, Rectangle Sublingual Film N12

Drug Classification

Due to the mixed ingredients in Suboxone, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) recommended the following categorization.

  • Buprenorphine is a Scheduled III Controlled Substance which meet the criteria as having accepted medical use and a low potential for abuse.
  • Naloxone is not a controlled substance in the United States. It is classified as a prescription Medication. Due to widespread opioid addiction and overdose deaths the laws in the United States has been relaxed to facilitate wider distribution and use of Naloxone in order to save lives. In some states, Naloxone can be prescribed by a physician or non-pharmacist professional without the need for the patient to first see a physician.

Use and Abuse

Suboxone is one of the most commonly prescribed treatment medication for the recovery and rehabilitation of opioid addiction. One of the primary reasons scientist say for combining buprenorphine with Naloxone was to prevent buprenorphine abuse. However some users have been illegally extracting Naloxone from Suboxone and using the drug to get high. The Sublingual Film formulation of the drug that is dissolvable under the tongue have been smuggled into jails and prisons. Although some medical experts believe that the increasing illicit use of Suboxone is primarily for the purpose of self-medication to prevent withdrawal symptoms, it has nonetheless, become of special concern for drug regulating government entities. If the trend continues unabated, this may result in dispensation methods that will make Suxonone even less accessible to the public. Due to the expansive illicit use of this drug, it has acquired the following street names:

  • Sub or Subs
  • Saboxin
  • Sobos
  • Stops
  • Stop signs
  • Oranges
  • Box
  • Bupe

Although Suboxone dependence and overdose is rare, it does occurs. Habitual use of this drug can also lead to addiction. Signs of Suboxone abuse may include loss of interest in sex, emotional imbalance and hair loss. Common effects includes but may not be limited to:

  • Headaches
  • Lightheaded or dizziness
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Redness of the face or neck
  • Fever or chills
  • Frequent coughing
  • Hoarseness
  • Sweating

Signs of an overdose of Suboxone may include:

  • Visible confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Respiratory depression or difficulty breathing
  • Blue or pale lips, fingernails and skin
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Feeling tired, weak and drowsy
  • Nausea and vomiting

Because overdose of Suboxone may cause serious respiratory complications similar to other opioids, it is possible for coma or death to occur if the condition is left untreated. Get immediate medical attention if any of the preceding overdose symptoms occur. Data also shows that deaths have occurred when Suboxone abuse is combined with the use of alcohol.

Suboxone Treatment

Individuals who abuse this drug are typically addicted to other opioids. A thorough physical and psychological evaluation determines overall health status and facilitate an accurate diagnosis so that an appropriate treatment program can be customized for the patient. It is not uncommon for this assessment to reveal the existence of comorbid conditions necessitating dual diagnosis treatment. The administration for Suboxone under the direction of a physician may also be a part of the treatment process. Suboxone was approved by the FDA as a treatment for opioid addiction in 2002. When used under the supervision of certified addiction physicians, Suboxone enables patients to withdraw from habitual narcotic use without painful or life threatening withdrawal symptoms.

If you or a loved one have been abusing Suboxone or have developed an addiction to this drug, it can have the same devastating effects of any illicit narcotic. Call our Drug Rehab Treatment Centers today at 877-855-3470. Our qualified and compassionate representatives are available 24/7 to answer any questions you may have about Suboxone and our treatment services and options.

Contact us today for more information on our treatment programs.

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